The Causes of Hemorrhoids and their Preventions
How is understanding hemorrhoid causes going to help me?
In order to prevent and treat hemorrhoids over the long term, knowing the underlying factors at work is an absolute necessity. A thorough grasp on hemorrhoid causes lets us both avoid those causes for prevention, and address them to reduce the impact of hemorrhoids already present. Understanding the causes of hemorrhoids may even allow us to eliminate them entirely without having to undergo surgery
To investigate a relatively common hemorrhoid cause in greater detail, visit:
PREGNANCY and hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids, or less frequently, piles, are the terribly tender lumps of blood-swollen tissue that result from one or more the anorectal veins swelling with blood beyond its capacity to "snap back".
All hemorrhoids are basically caused by excessive strain on the veins in and around the anorectal area.
Genetics has a role to play as well, since some are born with a predisposition to weak venous tissue and valve walls. Those born with such a genetic tendency are advised to take more care, as hemorrhoids can be a continuing problem for them.
Age-related loss of tissue elasticity, particulary in muscles and ligament, is frequently a common cause of hemorrhoids in the elderly population.
High levels of straining due to chronic consitpation or diarrhea are also common hemorrhoid causes.
Hemorrhoids are also frequently a problem for those who are obese, pregnant, or who have one of the diseases of the liver that causes pressure to build up in lower-body veins, a condition referred to as portal hypertension.
That being said, constipation is by far and away the most common cause of hemorrhoids. The most common causes of constipation are a diet low in fiber, not enough water intake, a high level of lactic acid (found in dairy products) or insufficient vitamin E.
Caffeine or alcohol taken to excess can also contribute to hemorrhoids, because both of these substances actually cause the body to get rid of water more quickly. In addition, caffeine produces a temporary jump in blood pressure, which is not good for blood-swollen hemorrhoids.
The people most likely to suffer from hemorrhoids generally live in highly developed countries, while hemorrhoids are nearly an unknown health problem in undeveloped or underdeveloped nations and cultures. While it is difficult to draw direct correlations on such a vast scale, the combination of diet, level of strenuous activity, and the strain associated with sitting on toilets are all potential causal differences.
Sitting down on a toilet as if it were a chair causes the muscles of the pelvic floor to relax, robbing the hemorrhoid veins of any support at the same time as rectal muscles are pushing down as hard as possible.
What causes hemorrhoids, and where do they come from? Myths abound as to the real causes of hemorrhoids. Back when I was in school, one of our teacher yelled at us to stop sitting on cold concrete because it would cause hemorrhoids!
In reality, the cellular structure of the vein is elastic, which allows the vein to swell and contract depending on the current volume of blood within the vein. If the vein wall stretches too far, due to excess pressure, hormones, or age, it weakens, loses elasticity, and stays expanded, which then counts as either a varicose vein or a hemorrhoid, depending on exact location. Strictly speaking, a hemorrhoid is similar to a varicose vein except the hemorrhoid arise from the very elastic veins of the hemorrhoidal cushions.
Age, in and of itself, causes vein walls to lose elasticity. Pregnancy releases hormones into the body which cause vein walls to get weaker. However, neither of these factors would matter if excess strain weren't being placed on the area. So, where does the strain come from?
The primary cause of excess strain comes during bowel movements. If one is constipated, bowel movements become more difficult and require straining to force the stools out. A secondary cause of strain comes from hard or rough cleaning of the anus after the bowel movement is complete. If you wipe hard, rough, or for a long time, the likelihood of hemorrhoids developing goes up. Another secondary cause of strain comes through lifting and carrying heavy weights badly, and yet another source of strain is participation in anal sex. All of these and more are covered in greater detail below, along with their relevant preventative measures.
To get a little more in-depth, hemorrhoids are a symptoms of a weakend system of veins. Hemorrhoids originate from the weakest area of any given vein. Eliminating the hemorrhoid is a good first step, but without helping the weakened network of veins to heal, hemorrhoids will just come back each time the area is subject to stress or strain.
"Easier said than done," you say. In response, I'd like to offer these tips and techniques to eradicate this particular cause of strain and hemorrhoids:
NECESSARY DIET CHANGES FOR HEMROID TREATMENT, RELIEF AND PREVENTION - OR - HOW AN UNHEALTHY DIET CAN CAUSE HEMROIDS:
Did you know that simple dietary changes can relieve, treat and prevent hemorrhoids?
To get a little more specific, you need to slowly add fiber rich foods to your diet, as well as drink sufficient water, in order to keep your stools soft and bulky instead of constipated. Doing so will both help keep your stools from traumatizing your hemorrhoids and reduce the bowel movement straining that both causes hemorrhoids and causes them to prolapse.
Stay away from highly refined foods, such as white flour and processed sugar. These heavily processed foods are very hard for the body to use properly, as in addition to unnecessary chemicals they frequently offer little to no dietary fiber. Fiber is essential to help the digestive tract push waste products out of the body. Many people find that their constipation and hemorrhoids are linked directly to eating high levels of these types of highly processed foods. Fortunately, this is one of the easiest hemorrhoid causes to rectify.
HARMFUL POSTURE DURING TOILETING CAN ALSO CONTRIBUTE TO HEMORRHOIDS - LEARN HOW TO SIT BETTER:
For thousands of years human beings have squatted to eliminate. We did not evolve to sit on toilets. In order to evolve for sitting toilets there would have had to be toilet shaped trees that directly benefited from our wastes. Sitting toilets are a relatively new thing in the history of humanity, and while they're wonderful for eliminating potentially biohazardous matieral from our homes, they're not so good for our hemorrhoids. Sitting on a toilet makes bowel movements harder to accomplish by retaining feces inside the body, which we then have to push harder on to eliminate. While there are ideas on the market for modern squat toilets, which would solve the problem permanently, they don't seem to have gained in popularity yet. Until they do, I offer the toileting posture that was recommended to my by the specialists at my local hospital for easing elimination and reducing toileting strain.
This toileting posture may be of great help in relieving, treating and preventing hemorrhoids. When you need to defecate, sit normally on the toilet. Then, while sitting, lean forward and rest your elbows on your knees, while bringing your weight forward onto the balls of your feet as if you were on tip-toes. This position allows the bowel movement to occur with as little strain as possible, reduces the chance of a hemorrhoid prolapsing through the anal sphincter, and greatly cuts back on the chance of getting new hemorrhoids.
STRAINING DUE TO CONSTIPATION ALSO CAUSES HEMROIDS, BUT HOW DO YOU HELP IT WHEN YOU'RE CONSTIPATED?:
In order to reduce constipation strain as much as possible, for both hemorrhoid treatment and prevention, don't ever strain. If the feces are not coming out, let gravity, nature and time take their course. While this may be a bit uncomfortable, it's much better than a hemorrhoid.
If it gets beyond your patience, try gentle deep breathing. Do not hold your breath, this defeats the entire purpose of the exercise. When you breathe deeply, your diaphragm expands and contracts. This internal abdominal action places pump-like pressure on the feces, helping it to descend.
In line with that same idea, sit up straight and gently twist the trunk of your body to right and left a few times, in addition to leaning forward and back, before returning to the helpful toileting position mentioned above.
Should all else fails, constipation can be helped by inserting a laxative or stool softening suppository. These are widely available both online and at pharmacies. They usually work within five minutes to cause the constipated bowel movement to emerge. So, if constipation is a chronic problem of yours, keeping some of these suppositories within reach for these occasions would be a good idea.
These few techniques may help quite a bit in both hemorrhoid treatment and prevention.
Did you know that wiping too hard after a bowel movement could both irritate and cause hemorrhoids?
To help eliminate this particular hemorrhoid cause, wipe gently. If you're following the correct dietary guidelines -those ones about enough fiber and water on a daily basis - your bowels should get rid of their contents quite efficiently which eliminates the need for extra wiping.
If the first few wipes just don't seem to be working, then you may find that using a dampened cloth or pad will work. Alternatively, you may want to get off the toilet and come back to finish cleaning up later. If your bowel hasn't emptied completely, getting off and coming back could help you finish the bowel movement as well.
On occasion, some feces can get stuck or caught by the hemorrhoids, which can then release later in the day as fecal incontinence.
If you have undergone an anal stretching procedure, which they used to do for anal fissures, incontience might also be a side effect of that past operation.
Wiping gently will help relieve symptoms, such as hemorrhoid bleeding and hemorrhoid pain, both of which can be results of wiping too hard or long and thereby causing damage. Logically speaking, if your hemorrhoid gets abraded or scratched, it might bleed. Also, hemorrhoids swell up if you rub them too much. This is a normal immune system reaction, any part of the body will inflame if you scrub at it too hard.
In addition, if your hemorrhoid originates from weakened tissue near the anal sphincter, by scrubbing at it you run the risk of developing a new hemorrhoid.
In addition to directly helping with hemorrhoids, these techniques may also help in reducing the fecal incontinence that hemorrhoids can occasionally cause.
Straining during heavy lifting can both cause hemorrhoids and cause them to prolapse outside the body. Heavy lifting is statiscally likely to be work related, so adopting and encouraging safe workplace lifting practices is a good idea. To help this problem, the best thing to do is discuss it with someone who is trained in occupational safety for your industry.
If you are currently overweight, you have to lift that extra weight every time you stand up, walk, or run. To relieve, treat, and prevent hemorrhoids, losing excess weight is an excellent idea.
Sitting in particular causes the entire weight of your upper body to bear down on your anal region. This can weaken the veins of the area and both cause hemorrhoids or make existing hemorrhoids worse.
You may want to take a look at our website devoted to rapid weight loss.
Anal sex and hemorrhoids are a practically inevitable combination. It doesn't matter how well you lubricate the area, the anal canal did not evolve for this activity. Considering that rough wiping with toilet paper can cause hemorrhoids, just imagine what this activity is contributing to.
Anal sex usually leads to hemorrhoid development in short order. Although you may have heard otherwise elsewhere, the facts are that anal sex, by definition, involves an object repeatedly going in and out of the anal sphincter, usually much faster and with more pressure than a bowel movement.
In order for anal sex to occur, an object is forcibly inserted into the anal sphincter and then shifts back and forth repeatedly. This inevitably inflames any hemorrhoids currently present, possibly causing them to bleed.
This sort of friction may also cause hemorrhoid development, especially if the person has other factors contributing to hemorrhoid development, such as genetic predisposition or high sphincter pressure.
The anal sphincter is a ring of muscles and nerves that surround and close off the anal opening. They are responsible for keeping feces in and foreign objects out.
Studies have found that 40% of people who suffered from hemorrhoids, the muscles of their anal sphincters showed higher resting pressure. Only 5% of people not suffering from hemorrhoids showed this increased muscular pressure. These statistics lead to the conclusion that elevated resting pressure may be one of the major causes of hemorrhoids.
Absolutely anything that puts pressure on the anal area can help cause or aggravate hemorrhoids. For example, mountain motorbike riding has been linked to hemorrhoid development.
Research and main write by D. S. Urquhart, editing and quality control by D. S. Urquhart and Loni L. Ice.
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All the best to you in your search for hemorrhoid relief and prevention
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